A problem is an obstacle, impediment, difficulty or challenge, or any situation that invites resolution; the resolution of which is recognized as a solution or contribution toward a known purpose or goal. A problem implies a desired outcome coupled with an apparent deficiency, doubt or inconsistency that prevents the outcome from taking place.
- Vardiansyah, Dani. Filsafat Ilmu Komunikasi: Suatu Pengantar, Indeks, Jakarta 2008. Halaman 70 (Inggris) Online Free Dictionary: Problem
A) Acceptance, in Human Nature :
Are you thinking about solving the problem, or simply fixing it?  The FiveWhys that was originally developed as a problem-solving tool by Sakichi Toyoda, the father of Japanese industrial revolution.
1) Thinking (T)
Thought generally refers to any mental or intellectual activity involving an individual's subjective Consciousness. It can refer either to the act of thinking or the resulting Ideas or arrangements of ideas. Similar concepts include Cognition, Sentience, Consciousness, and Imagination.
Because thought underlies almost all human actions and interactions, understanding its physical and metaphysical origins, processes, and effects has been a longstanding goal of many academic disciplines including, among others, biology, philosophy, psychology, and sociology.
2) Feeling (F) :
The word was first used in the English Language to describe the physical sensation of Touch through either experience or perception.
Perception (from the Latin perceptio, percipio)
Is the organization, identification and interpretation of sensory information in order to represent and understand the environment. 
3) Acting, (A) :
Acting is the work of an Actor or actress, which is a person in theatre, Television, Film, or any other Storytelling medium who tells the story by portraying a Character and, usually, Speaking or Singing the written text or Play.
B) Condition 
An uncertain future act or event, the occurrence of which determines the existence or extent of an interest or right, or liability or obligation; or which initiates, halts, or terminates the performance of a duty.
The central instrument in a contract. A condition
(1) invests or divests the rights and duties of the parties to the contract, or
(2) stipulates that the occurrence or nonoccurrence of a certain event creates or terminates a contract.
An actual or stipulated condition is called an express condition or condition in deed, and a condition deemed to be automatically present is called an implied condition or condition in law. Breach of a condition constitutes breach of the contract, and entitles the aggrieved party to call for setting aside (rescission) of the contract, and to claim for damages. Aminor term (incidental point) of the contract is called a warranty, breach of which may call for damages as compensation but not rescission of the contract. See also condition precedent, condition subsequent, innominate term, and intermediate term. 
C) Situation 
is a concept relating to a position (location) or a set of circumstances.
To cause to feel embarrassment. To mistake (for another) To make opaque; blur: To assemble without order or sense; jumble. Archaic To bring to ruination. To make something unclear or incomprehensible etc
II . HOW ? PROBLEM SOLVING 
Consists in using generic or ad hoc (Ad Hoc is a Latin phrase meaning "for this". It generally signifies a solution designed for a specific problem or task, non-generalizable, and not intended to be able to be adapted to other purposes (compare a priori).) methods, in an orderly manner, for finding solutions to problems.
|Steps To Solve a Problem|
III . EXAMPLE
A) Psychological Manipulation 
Is a type of social influence that aims to change the perception or behavior of others through underhanded, deceptive, or even abusive tactics. By advancing the interests of the manipulator, often at the other's expense, such methods could be considered exploitative, abusive, devious, and deceptive. Social influence is not necessarily negative. For example, doctors can try to persuade patients to change unhealthy habits. Social influence is generally perceived to be harmless when it respects the right of the influenced to accept or reject and is not unduly coercive. Depending on the context and motivations, social influence may constitute underhanded manipulation.
Methods Of Manipulation
B) How to Stop Running Away from Yourself
Most often, we find excuses to avoid the harsh realities we know are present within ourselves. The fear of facing our own fears leads to a vicious cycle of self defeating behaviors. Rather than looking within, we focus on the outside world and the externalities that we'd rather blame for things going wrong, but when it comes to introspection and looking into ourselves, we want to run, and continue running without looking back.Avoidance of searching within for the answers to challenges and errors in our life can be a great stress accumulator, leading to compounded problems that become even more difficult to overcome the longer you run. Learning how to stop running away from yourself can make all the difference between a life that speeds along without you or a more contented life that has you in greater control. 
3) PROBLEM REACTION SOLUTION - DAVID ICKE 
In Tales From The Time Loop (2003), Icke argues that most organized religions, especially Judaism, Christianity and Islam, are Illuminati creations designed to divide and conquer the human race through endless conflicts, as are racial, ethnic, and sexual divisions. He cites the Oklahoma City bombing and 9/11 as examples of events organized by the Global Elite. The incidents allow the Elite to respond in whatever way they intended to act in the first place, a concept Icke calls "order out of chaos," or "problem-reaction-solution". He writes that there are few, if any, public events that are not engineered, or at least used, by the Brotherhood: You want to introduce something you know the people won't like. ... So you first create a PROBLEM, a rising crime rate, more violence, a terrorist bomb ... You make sure someone else is blamed for this problem ... So you create a "patsy," as they call them in America, a Timothy McVeigh or a Lee Harvey Oswald. ... This brings us to stage two, the REACTION from the people—"This can't go on; what are THEY going to do about it?" ... This allows THEM to then openly offer the SOLUTION to the problems they have created ...
4) CRITICAL DISCOURSE ANALYSIS by Peter Allen 
According to Bloor and Bloor, discourse analysis began as a `non-critical’ discipline aiming to describe and analyse discourse, and develop theories of communication (2007: 12). However, a critical approach seeks to go beyond understanding and explanation to developing critiques which can contribute positively to social change. Accordingly, Critical Discourse Analysis concerns itself with all the above but situates them within a critical social analysis. This approach does not attempt the `objectivity’ claimed by positivist views of science. CDA has this in common with many other kinds of qualitative research, which `…is fundamentally interpretive, which means that the research outcome is ultimately the product of the researcher’s subjective interpretation of the data’ (Dornyei, 2007: 38). CDA then has many of the same strengths and weaknesses as other forms of qualitative research. (the full text of which is ). (the report can be . A  is also available).