A) Unfree labour (or unfree labor in American English)
is a generic or collective term for those work relations, especially in modern or early modern history, in which people are employed against their will by the threat of destitution, detention, violence (including death), lawfulcompulsion, or other extreme hardship to themselves or to members of their families.
Unfree labour includes all forms of slavery, and related institutions (e.g. debt slavery, serfdom,corvée and labour camps). Many of these forms of work may be covered by the term forced labour, which is defined by the International Labour Organization (ILO) as all involuntary work or service exacted under the menace of a penalty.
However, under the Forced Labour Convention the term forced or compulsory labour shall not include:
- any work or service exacted in virtue of compulsory military service laws for work of a purely military character;
- any work or service which forms part of the normal civic obligations of the citizens of a fully self-governing country;
- any work or service exacted from any person as a consequence of a conviction in a court of law, provided that the said work or service is carried out under the supervision and control of a public authority and that the said person is not hired to or placed at the disposal of private individuals, companies or associations;
- any work or service exacted in cases of emergency, that is to say, in the event of war or of a calamity or threatened calamity, such as fire, flood, famine, earthquake, violent epidemic or epizootic diseases, invasion by animal, insect or vegetable pests, and in general any circumstance that would endanger the existence or the well-being of the whole or part of the population;
- minor communal services of a kind which, being performed by the members of the community in the direct interest of the said community, can therefore be considered as normal civic obligations incumbent upon the members of the community, provided that the members of the community or their direct representatives shall have the right to be consulted in regard to the need for such services. HEREB) Slavery
is a system under which people are treated as property to be bought and sold, and are forced to work. Slaves can be held against their will from the time of their capture, purchase or birth, and deprived of the right to leave, to refuse to work, or to demandcompensation. Historically, slavery was institutionally recognized by many societies; in more recent times slavery has been outlawed in most societies but continues through the practices of debt bondage, indentured servitude, serfdom, domestic servants kept in captivity, certainadoptions in which children are forced to work as slaves, child soldiers, and forced marriage. There are more slaves in the early 21st century than at any previous time but opponents hope slavery can be eradicated within 30 years.
Slavery predates written records and has existed in many cultures. The number of slaves today remains as high as 12 million to 27 million. Most are debt slaves, largely in South Asia, who are under debt bondage incurred by lenders, sometimes even for generations. Human trafficking is primarily used for forcing women and children into sex industries.
In pre-industrial societies, slaves and their labour were economically extremely important. Slaves and serfs made up around three-quarters of the world's population at the beginning of the 19th century.
In modern mechanised societies, there is less need for sheer massive manpower; Norbert Wiener wrote that "mechanical labor has most of the economic properties of slave labor, though ... it does not involve the direct demoralizing effects of human cruelty." HERE
May 1, 2012
Most of us support unethical practices with our purchases in some way, whether we want to — or even know about it — or not. Many large corporations utilize slave labor, and, even worse, child slave labor, when outsourcing their production. It’s not that they hate children; they just like money a lot better. Besides, most of these kids aren’t American, so the distance and hidden nature of these atrocities provide a level of depersonalization that acts as just another excuse to keep on doing it. Here are five huge companies who use or have used child labor to create something you or someone you know has bought.
1) Philip Morris
In 2010, Philip Morris was “forced to admit” that at least 72 children were working on tobacco farms that sold to PM, some of which as young as ten years old. “Forced” is the key word in the last sentence; it was only after the Human Rights Watch uncovered a sordid tale of slavery and illegal practices on tobacco farms in Kazakhstan that Philip Morris took only partial responsibility for these problems. Using child slaves, many of whom developed rashes on their necks and stomachs from handling the tobacco, wasn’t Morris’ only offense. The farms (who sold 1,500 tonnes of tobacco to PM in 2009 and other significant amounts to cigarette companies in Russia) utilized migrant workers for slave labor, often confiscating their passports and forcing them to work overtime without compensation. Despite “regular and constructive dialogue” between Human Rights Watch and Philip Morris in 2010, it was later discovered that Philip Morris was failing to live up to their promises regarding putting a stop to these illegal and unethical practices. If the idea of poor families working 13-hour days for pennies while their small children slave in the tobacco fields at the risk of nicotine poisoning makes you feel bad, try to avoid purchasing the following: Marlboro, Basic, Benson & Hedges, Cambridge, Chesterfield, Commander, Dave’s, English Ovals, Lark, L&M, Merit, Parliament, Players, Saratoga and Virginia Slims.
2) Victoria’s Secret
Victoria’s Secret purchases fair trade cotton only, so what’s the problem? Unfortunately, “fair trade” has become just another imaginary phrase like “gourmet” or the vague and somewhat meaningless label of “organic.” In Burkina Faso, Africa, many fair trade farms are claiming that they lack the resources to grow fair trade cotton without utilizing child labor. Bloomberg.com reported on one 13-year-old girl, Clarisse, who sleeps on a piece of plastic and is woken up by shouting at early hours in the morning. She plants and picks cotton all day, straining and sweating in somewhat of a hurry. She isn’t going anywhere, but her ‘boss’ will beat her with a tree branch if she doesn’t move quickly enough. Victoria’s Secret’s reaction to all of this was equivalent to shrugging and sort of muttering, “whatever, I don’t know what you’re talking about” before changing the subject. A 2008 report from Helvetas said that hundreds to thousands of kids are either in or vulnerable to become in a situation similar to Clarisse’s. Victoria’s Secret said they “didn’t read the report” (AKA too indifferent to even consider thinking about the plight of their child laborers, let alone take any responsibility for it or action to stop it). A Victoria’s Secret executive later issued a statement saying: “They describe behavior contrary to our company’s values and the code of labor and sourcing standards we require all of our suppliers to meet. Our standards specifically prohibit child labor. We are vigorously engaging with stakeholders to fully investigate this matter.”That was in late 2011. Since then, Victoria’s Secret has done little more than remove the ‘fair trade’ labels on their Burkina Faso cotton underwear. In another brazenly indifferent move, they simply no longer market the purchase of this underwear as making a positive impact on the lives of the women slaving away on the cotton fields.
3) KYE and Other Chinese Factories
In 2010, the National Labor Committee ousted a Chinese supplier called KYE for its use of child labor. Some highlights of the report include:
- KYE recruited up to 1,000 “work-study” students (supposed to be 16-17 but many seeming to be 15 and under) to work 15-hour shifts, seven days a week.
- KYE’s second choice are women age 18-25 — considered easier to discipline and control.
- KYE pays workers 65 cents an hour.
- KYE employees are often required to report early to participate in bizarre, military-esque drills.
- Temperatures inside the factory often reach nearly 90 degrees. No air conditioning.
- Frequent claims of sexual harassment from security guards.
- Talking and music are prohibited.
- 14 employees per ‘dorm’ room.
- Showers consist of a sponge and a plastic bucket filled with water.
And of course, to top it off, KYE claims that conditions at their factories are “excellent.” Microsoft was the company most scrutinized for their utilization of KYE’s slave and child labor, but KYE employees were also manufacturing products for XBox, HP, and other electronics companies. However, other large corporations like Apple have also (only recently) admitted to using Chinese factories who forced child slaves to work long hours under harrowing conditions.
Another guilty party is Nokia.You might be wondering why these companies bother to have a code of conduct at all, seeing at how blatantly it’s ignored. It’s to give customers the illusion that they want — everyone wants an iPhone or a fancy computer, but no one wants to admit that they would probably buy it even if they did know it was made by sick little child slaves who are dying just so they can buy the product at a billion percent markup
4) Forever 21, Aeropostale, Toys ‘R’ Us, Urban Outfitters
Regarding purchasing cotton from farms using child labor, Forever 21 has said that it “enters into a comprehensive agreement with each of [its] suppliers and vendors under which they promise to utilize legally qualified workers.” This is code for “what we do is none of your business, so quit trying to emancipate our child slaves! They’re the perfect employees!”
Forever 21 fails to pretend that it cares even a tiny bit about the labor laws in Uzbekistan, the country from which most of their cotton is bought. In Uzbekistan, the government actually removes throes of children from school and places them in cotton fields during the harvest season.
Who cares? Not Forever 21, Aeropostale, Toys ‘R’ Us, or Urban Outfitters. All of these companies source cotton from Uzbekistan, while over 70 other large retail stores have at least “made commitments to address forced labor in Uzbekistan’s cotton industry,” whatever that vague and lazy-sounding brush-off means.
Hershey’s has recently announced that its new line of chocolates, Bliss Chocolates, will only be made using cocoa certified by the Rainforest Alliance. Don’t get too excited. The only reason for this ‘ethical’ move was to prevent the International Labor Rights Forum from airing an ad featuring Hershey’s use of child labor on a giant screen right outside of the Super Bowl. The bad publicity was enough to get the company to invest in $10 million in West Africa to produce ethically sourced chocolate. Of course, the ILRF chose not to air the ad “in thanks” to Hershey.
April 9, 2013Raise the Bar was an anti-child labor campaign aimed against Hershey’s that was active for an entire year before the company paid any mind to it, and only at the threat of embarrassment and lost revenue. Despite signing a protocol against child labor almost ten years ago, Hershey is the one participating company who has failed to eliminate their use of child labor. In West Africa, thousands of children still harvest cocoa for Hershey’s, and their investment with Bliss Chocolates makes only a small difference compared to their many other products that utilize child-picked cocoa.
Shocking Expose of Chinese Labor Camp
Shocked by electrical batons. Having food, mixed with sludge, forcibly slammed down down your mouth. Forced to work for 12 hours or more every day.
Welcome to life at a labor camp in China. One of the most notorious camps, Masanjia, is exposed in a new report from China-based Lens Magazine, shocking people with its violent accounts.
"I was shocked after reading it," said Ma Yong, a researcher at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences. "I couldn't imagine this happening. In the 21st century, something like this could happen."
Stories of torture at Masanjia first came out 13 years ago in media overseas. In October 2000, overseas rights groups reported that 18 female inmates were stripped naked and forced inside a male prison cell. They were raped and at least five died. The women were Falun Gong practitioners.
The abuse of Falun Gong is one key detail the Lens Magazine article left out—possibly to make sure the article didn't get censored.
"Now that this is being exposed, it cannot be covered up anymore," said Jia Yuanliang, a war veterans advocate.
"Walking Out of Masanjia" has so far not been censored on the Chinese Internet.
Some observers believe its publication is a precursor to a wider exposure of the abuse that goes on in China's labor camps. [Warning: Graphic Footage] Shocking Exposé of Chinese Labor Camp
THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION was a way of ENSLAVING WHITE PEOPLE
Report by CHRIS EVERARD
If you are a miner, no matter if you work the day shift or the night shift - you rarely see the SUN. Before 1700, many people lived with crops and flocks. The agricultural way of life meant that every family had some chickens, had a duck or two, had fruit trees, a veggie patch and maybe the odd pig or cow. Some people had bred entire herds of goats. When there was no money, there was always something to eat.
THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION killed-off Mankind's independence.
Coal was needed in vast quantities for the Industrial Revolution. For centuries, people in Britain had made do with charcoal if they needed a cheap and easy to acquire fuel. What ‘industry’ that existed before 1700, did use coal but it came from coal mines that were near to the surface and the coal was relatively easy to get to. The Industrial Revolution changed all of this.
Before the Industrial Revolution, two types of mines existed : drift mines and bell pits. Both were small scale coal mines and the coal which came from these type of pits was used locally in homes and local industry.
However, as the country started to industrialise itself, more and more coal was needed to fuel steam engines and furnaces. The development of factories by Arkwright and the improvement of the steam engine by Watt further increased demand for coal. As a result coal mines got deeper and deeper and coal mining became more and more dangerous.
Coal shafts could go hundreds of feet into the ground. Once a coal seam was found, the miners dug horizontally. However, underground the miners faced very real and great dangers.
The COAL and STEAM technologies of the 1700s bred a new wicked over-class. They grouped themselves into elite secret societies. By 1777, the BAVARIAN ILLUMINATI had infiltrated craft Freemasonry and formed a global occultic-Luciferian empire. Get my free iBook all about the Illuminati here: HERE