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Friday, November 15, 2013

PERILAKU MASYARAKAT PEDULI LINGKUNGAN - SURVEI KLH 2012

SURVEI PERILAKU MASYARAKAT PEDULI LINGKUNGAN
Kementerian Lingkungan Hidup
2012
Green Nation Summary - dandy`s

Index Lingkungan , Fisik :

  1. Environmental Sustainability Index
  2. Environmental Quality Index
  3. Environmental Performance Index
Hari Lingkungan Hidup - 5 Juni 2012 ( Doc. Pribadi)


The Environmental Sustainability Index (ESI) 
More : HERE
Was a composite index published from 1999 to 2005 that tracked 21 elements of environmental sustainability covering natural resource endowments, past and present pollution levels, environmental management efforts, contributions to protection of the global commons, and a society's capacity to improve its environmental performance over time.

Environmental quality  
More : HERE
is a set of properties and characteristics of the environment, either generalized or local, as they impinge on human beings and other organisms. It is a measure of the condition of an environment relative to the requirements of one or more species and or to any human need or purpose. 
Environmental quality is a general term which can refer to varied characteristics that relate to the natural environment as well as thebuilt environment, such as air and water purity or pollution, noise and the potential effects which such characteristics may have on physical and mental health caused by human activities.

The Environmental Performance Index (EPI) 
More : HERE
is a method of quantifying and numerically benchmarking the environmental performance of a country's policies. This index was developed from the Pilot Environmental Performance Index, first published in 2002, and designed to supplement the environmental targets set forth in the U.N. Millennium Development Goals. 
The EPI was preceded by the Environmental Sustainability Index (ESI), published between 1999 and 2005. Both indexes were developed by Yale University (Yale Center for Environmental Law and Policy) and Columbia University (Center for International Earth Science Information Network) in collaboration with the World Economic Forum and the Joint Research Centre of the European Commission. The ESI was developed to evaluate environmental sustainability relative to the paths of other countries. Due to a shift in focus by the teams developing the ESI, the EPI uses outcome-oriented indicators, then working as a benchmark index that can be more easily used by policy makers, environmental scientists, advocates and the general public. 
As of January 2012 four EPI reports have been released - the Pilot 2006 Environmental Performance Index, and the 2008, 2010, and 2012 Environmental Performance Index. 
For the 2012 report, a new "Pilot Trend EPI" was developed to rank countries based on the environmental performance changes occurred during the last decade, allowing to establish which countries are improving and which are declining. 
In the 2012 EPI ranking, the top five countries were Switzerland, Latvia, Norway, Luxembourg, and Costa Rica. The bottom five countries were South Africa, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, and Iraq. The United Kingdom was ranked in 9th place, Japan 23rd place, Brazil 30th, the United States 49th, China 116th, and India came in 125th.The top five countries based on their Pilot Trend EPI were Latvia, Azerbaijan, Romania, Albania and Egypt.
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Perihal Substantif Yang Terabaikan :
Determinan Kerusakan Lingkungan yang di dalamnya mencakup hubungan manusia sebagai PELAKU pembangunan terhadap keseimbangan lingkungan.
Dampak Substantif Yang Terabaikan :
Terjadi kesulitan mendapatkan gambaran yang komprehensif mengenai penyebab persoalan lingkungan.
Sumber : KLH 2012 - Hal 1
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Output Variabel Fisik yang di gunakan Sebagai Variabel Penyusun Indeks Di atas :
a. Kualitas Udara
b. Kualitas Air Sungai
c. Kualitas Tutupan Lahan

Input - Pengukuran Greendex
a. Perilaku Konsumsi Makanan
b. Pakaian
c. Perumahan
d. Transportasi 
Proses -

INDEKS PERILAKU PERDULI LINGKUNGAN (IPPL) - Indonesia, KLH 2012
[ ENVIRONMENTAL CARE BEHAVIOUR INDEX ]



Literature - Survei KLH 2012

Kajian Komprehensif :
1. Mengkaji pengetahuan dan pemahaman masyarakat terhadap lingkungan hidup.
2. Mengukur indeks perilaku masyarakat peduli lingkungan beserta dimensinya.
3. Menyusun upaya komunikasi lingkungan dan pemberdayaan masyarakat untuk peduli lingkungan
Mindset 
" Perilaku Masyarakat peduli lingkungan tidak terlepas dari tingkat pengetahuan dan sikap tentang berbagai hal yang berkaitan dengan lingkungan " - Fisbein dan Ajzen (1975) - READ MORE : HERE
" Hubungan Antara Perilaku Manusia Dengan Kualitas Lingkungan Cukup Signifikan Sebagai Suatu Sistem Ekologis " - Hagget (1972) 

14 Variabel Pengukur pengetahuan peduli lingkungan hidup

  1. Membakar sampah mencemari udara
  2. menanam tanaman menjadikan udara lebih segar
  3. meningkatnya CO2 di atmosfer menyebabkan semakin memanasnya suhu bumi
  4. membiarkan air mengalir tanpa digunakan berpeluang menyebabkan pemborosan air
  5. rumah tangga perlu menyediakan area resapan air
  6. menghemat listrik berarti menghemat bahan bakar
  7. mematikan alat elektronik jika tidak digunakan adalah langkah menghemat listrik
  8. menggunakan kendaraan umum ketika bepergian berarti menghemat bahan bakar
  9. melakukan perawatan kendaraan berarti menjaga lingkungan
  10. satwa dilindungi boleh dipelihara perorangan dan bagian tubuhnya dapat di perjualbelikan
  11. mengkonsumsi bahan makanan yang di produksi lokal berarti menghemat bahan bakar
  12. tumbuhan dilindungi boleh di peliharam, di miliki dan diperjualbelikan oleh perorangan
  13. sampah plastik, sampah makanan, sampah kertas, dan sampah lainnya perlu di pilah sebelum di buang
  14. sampah mengandung bahan kimia sebaiknya dikubur 
IPPL ( Indeks Perilaku Masyarakat Peduli Lingkungan )
"Adalah indeks yang di susun untuk mengukur perilaku kehidupan masyarakat terhadap lingkungan mencakup perilaku mereka terhadap sumber daya air dan sumber daya udara." - KLH (Hal 14 - Executive Summary )

Sub Index - Variabel IPPL

  1. Indeks Perilaku Konsumen Energi
  2. Indeks Perilaku Membuang Sampah
  3. Indeks Perilaku Pemanfaatan Air
  4. Indeks Perilaku Penyumbang Emisi Karbon
  5. Indeks Perilaku Hidup Sehat
  6. Indeks Perilaku Penggunaan Bahan Bakar 
Indeks Perilaku Masyarakat
  1. Umur
  2. Jenis Kelamin
  3. Pendidikan
  4. Status Perkawinan
  5. Suku
  6. Jumlah Anggota Rumah Tangga
  7. Pengetahuan Tentang Lingkungan
  8. Serta Sikap Terhadap Lingkungan Berhubungan dengan perilaku ramah lingkungan.
Uji Regresi Linear
" ..yang Signifikan berpengaruh terhadap perilaku masyarakat terhadap lingkungan "
  1. Tingkat Pendidikan
  2. Umur
  3. Jumlah Anggota Rumah Tangga
  4. Pengetahuan tentang Lingkungan
  5. Sikap terhadap Lingkungan
  6. Status Perkawinan
Narasumber :
At Hari Lingkungan Hidup 2012 - JHCC (Doc: Pribadi)
- Kementrian Lingkungan Hidup Republik Indonesia , Executive Summary " Perilaku Masyarakat Peduli Lingkungan 2012" , 2013
- Kementrian Lingkungan Hidup Republik Indonesia " Perilaku Masyarakat Peduli Lingkungan 2012" , 2013
- Wikipedia, E-commerce Study

Related Study :


Waste management education a must for city

Indah Setiawati, The Jakarta Post, Jakarta | Jakarta | 
Sat, June 01 2013, 3:33 PM
HERE 
Tumisih looked skeptical when she was told that a waste management system in which organic and non-organic garbage would be separated, was going to be implemented in her community. 
The middle-aged housewife who lives in a densely populated neighborhood of Cakung, East Jakarta, said everyone in her neighborhood was accustomed to throwing all their trash into one plastic bag before disposing of it in a nearby dump.
“It may be difficult for housewives here to embrace this new habit. They need to be continuously reminded,” she told The Jakarta Post on Friday.
Tumisih said that over the past two years, she had turned used plastic sachets into purses and bags, which were then sold for between Rp 15,000 (US$1.53) and Rp 150,000. 
“This business remains small because marketing is hard. Many people consider recycled products trash,” she said. 
Lila Paramita, who lives in an apartment in Kalibata, South Jakarta, said that although her apartment building did not regulate waste separation, she thought it was a good idea. 
“It [the separation] is actually a good idea because I think it is gross when trash is mixed,” said the employee of a private company. 
 The new city bylaw on waste management, which replaced Bylaw No. 5/1988, specifies a number of new responsibilities for residents, neighborhoods, companies and the administration as well as fines for those who do not comply. 
Article 12 of the new bylaw requires residents to separate their organic and non-organic waste. Those who fail to do so will be fined by the community unit (RW). Meanwhile, managements of housing, commercial, industrial and special areas, must a provide waste management facility or they will be fined between Rp 10 million (US$1004) and Rp 50 million as regulated by Article 127.
Spatial planning expert Nirwono Joga said it would be unfair to implement all those sanctions without properly assisting in the waste management efforts.
“The Sanitation Agency should find out which buildings do not have waste management facilities yet and then help them manage their garbage,” he said.
He said that the bylaw would require a massive campaign to succeed, as changing the paradigm would be more effective than merely penalizing people.
“Children, for example, should be given good examples in school and through their parents on how to handle trash. If the familiarization is done properly, good waste management will be part of our culture in the next five to 10 years,” he told the Post. 
Nirwono said applying the bylaw might be challenging as many Jakartans were not familiar with waste management. “To date, I still see people littering on the streets,” he said. 
Before implementing the bylaw, he said the agency should fix problems within itself by improving its human resources and garbage trucks.
Sanitation Agency head Unu Nurdin said that the agency would lead the dissemination of information on the new bylaw in the final quarter of the year. In the meantime, it would focus on procurement of new garbage trucks and building more temporary dumps.

Jakarta Plans to Introduce Green Dumps in Neighborhood Units
The Jakarta Sanitation Office revealed on Tuesday that it is planning on building environmentally-friendly temporary waste dumps in each of the city’s neighborhood units.
“Ideally, in each RW [neighborhood unit], there should be one environmentally-friendly temporary waste dump that meets the Indonesian National Standard [SNI]. These dumps should have green belts and buffer zones with aromatic, smell-absorbing plants such as bamboo, jasmine and sandalwood,” Unu Nurdin, the head of the office, said.
Jakarta currently has 191 temporary waste dumps, while the number of RWs stands at 2,706. The temporary waste dumps function as collection points before rubbish is taken to the city’s open dump.
Unu added that it was also important to raise public awareness about how to live a healthy and clean lifestyle.
“Garbage should not just be dumped anywhere, including into rivers. It not only destroys the environment, but it also causes flooding,” he said.
Meanwhile, Sri Bebassari, a waste expert from the Indonesia Solid Waste Association (INSWA), said that while more temporary waste dumps were necessary, it is equally as important for Jakarta to build more waste-processing facilities.
“Jakarta should have its own garbage dump,” Sri said, referring to the capital’s main disposal site in West Java.



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